Congenital Malformations


Most babies are born healthy, but when a baby has a condition that is present from birth, it is called a congenital disorder. Congenital disorders can be inherited or caused by environmental factors and their impact on a child’s health and development can vary from mild to severe. A child with a congenital disorder may experience a disability or health problems throughout life.

Congenital disorders are:

  • Cleft lip and Cleft palate
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Down syndrome
  • Spina bifida
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Heart conditions


Genetic and environmental factors that can result in congenital anomalies, but only half can be directly linked to a specific cause. Some congenital anomalies can be prevented through vaccination and a supplemental diet.

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